November Birth Flowers: Chrysanthemum and Peony
Discover the enduring beauty of peonies in your garden, where these perennial treasures create an enchanting haven of elegance.
Introduction to November Birth Flowers
The chrysanthemum, also known as mum for short, is the most popular flower associated with the autumn season that provides the final pop of color to the garden. They’re a fantastic decor for autumnal displays, and they have a long tradition of symbolic meaning that goes back centuries. Find out more about Chrysanthemums!
What are November Birth Flowers?
The chrysanthemum is considered to be the official flower of November. However, there is another less well-known birth flower in November, the peony. The babies born in November are blessed with two lovely birth flowers!
Following the roses and Lilies, chrysanthemums are among the most well-known cut flowers worldwide. Peonies have earned themselves a cult status throughout the years and bloom briefly in the late spring and early summer.
Primary November Birth Flower: Chrysanthemum
Native to Asia, the word Chrysanthemum is derived from the Greek suffixes chrysos, which translates to “gold,” and anthemon, meaning “flower.” Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus is said to have named the plant.
The initial color of Chrysanthemum was gold, but with the development of cultivation, it has evolved into a variety of hues: yellow, orange, white, pink, purple, and red. A part of the daisy group (Asteraceae), the chrysanthemum is among the most commonly cultivated flowers.
Chrysanthemum Meanings and Symbolism
- Chrysanthemums symbolize friendship, loyalty, and happiness, but each color has a distinct significance. For instance, red symbolizes real love, white symbolizes honesty and innocence, while yellow represents a heart that is wounded or a love that has been neglected.
- In some parts of Europe, the chrysanthemum flower is considered a symbol of grief and an emblem of death and mourning.
- It is believed that the Chinese and Japanese regard the chrysanthemum flower as an indication of youth. It was thought to help people to remain longer and to keep their bodies healthy. According to legends, one chrysanthemum flower in the bottom of an alcoholic glass would encourage longevity.
- According to Chinese custom, this flower helps prevent gray hair.
Chrysanthemum Color Meanings
Chrysanthemums are available in various colors, and their meaning may be altered depending on the color.
Are you looking to get away from buying roses for Valentine’s Day? Red chrysanthemums are often given as a token of affection and love towards someone else, making the perfect option for romantic occasions to gift.
If you’re looking to celebrate happy times, the yellow chrysanthemums are a good choice of flowers for every celebration. In contrast, yellow chrysanthemums could symbolize slighted or unloved love.
White flowers, in general, represent innocence and purity. Chrysanthemums of white, however, are also a symbol of loyalty, truth, and integrity.
Like the four-leaf clover, the green chrysanthemums are associated with luck, rebirth, and good health. Send them to someone you love to keep them in mind for their fortunate future.
They represent thoughtfulness and affection. So, please send them to someone in your thoughts. They’ll surely appreciate the gesture. They’re also a perfect ” get well soon” bloom that symbolizes this wish.
Like pink tulips and roses, Pink chrysanthemums symbolize love and friendship.
Chrysanthemum in History
- The chrysanthemum plant dates back to the fifteenth century B.C. China in China, where it was used as a flowering plant used in teas and salads. In Chinese art, the chrysanthemum is considered to be among the plants that form the Four Gentlemen, representing the four seasons. It is also included with the plum blossom orchid and bamboo. It was extensively used in China to treat headaches, reduce blood pressure, and be an anti-inflammatory. It was also offered to seniors as a symbol of longevity, life, and good fortune.
- In the 17th century, Chrysanthemums were introduced into Europe and later to the United States.
- It is the flower of national significance in Japan. This Festival of Happiness is held every year on September 9 to commemorate the flower chrysanthemum. It has been a symbol of nobility and royalty throughout Japan and is also used in the seal of the Emperor and emblem.
- The chrysanthemum flower is traditionally used to commemorate a 13th anniversary. It’s a classic flower to be presented to celebrate Mother’s Day in Australia. The flower is also the state flower for Chicago, Illinois.
- The National Chrysanthemum Society was incorporated as a non-profit organization in 1954. Since then, the organization has established a classification system — 13 groups altogether–to accommodate the many flowers.
Chrysanthemums in the Garden
Cuttings, seeds, or through division can cultivate mums. They are a simple perennial to grow. Mums should be planted in the spring when the risk of frost has gone. Producing them can occur anytime, but they must wait at least six weeks for their roots to grow before freezing or hot temperatures. The plants will begin to grow during the spring and summer. However, they will not bloom until the fall.
Mums shouldn’t be planted in the same place for over three years to avoid pests and diseases. After frost has killed the leaves, cut them back into the soil and cover them with mulch.
Secondary November Birth Flower: Peony
Did you know there are more than 40 species of peonies? They are renowned for their large flowers, soft ruffled petals, and ruffled shades. The flower symbolizes the most profound compassion, romantic sentiments, and positively-minded thoughts. If you have relatives or friends born in November, You can also give the peony to them to celebrate their birthday!
Although this gorgeous flower isn’t as well-known as a birth flower for November, like chrysanthemums, they constitute a significant part of the scene.
Peony Meanings and Symbolism
- Peonies symbolize honor, happiness, love, prosperity, luck, and a happy marriage.
- The meanings of peonies make them very popular as wedding flowers. When they are at the right time of the year, they are great presents on occasions like graduations, weddings, engagements, and other celebration events.
- The peony is also considered the traditional flower of the twelfth marriage anniversary.
Peony Color Meanings
Like chrysanthemums and various flowers, the peony’s significance can vary based on the color of the flower.
Peonies with a bright, vibrant scarlet have been prized for a long time by the Emperors of China. This color of peony signifies enthusiasm and is a symbol of respect, honor, and wealth.
Pink peonies are the most commonly used, ranging from pale blush pink to coral to vibrant Fuchsia. This flower of November symbolizes the union of marriage or beauty, but it could also represent the first time you meet and attraction among strangers. They also convey happiness, friendship, romance, and platonic affection.
White peonies symbolize shyness and flirt animosity. However, you can present them as wedding bouquets and an apology flower.
These beautiful blooms symbolize new beginnings and fresh beginnings and also bring joy and optimism. The yellow peonies are a wonderful gift for someone beginning a new career, moving into a new residence, or embarking on a life-changing adventure.
Peony in History
- Also known as “The King of Flowers,” The peony’s history goes back more than 4,000 years, beginning in Asia about 700 A.D. Peonies weren’t introduced to Europe until the 1800s when many artists drew inspiration from them.
- Many Japanese gardens have grown the peony because the flower symbolizes honor and luck. Japan is today a primary source of these stunning birth flowers. However, The Netherlands is the largest supplier today.
- According to Greek mythology, the word peony was derived directly from its Greek word Paeon. The physician of the Greek gods was angry with the god in charge of healing, Asclepius, who could cure Pluto, the God of wealth, by using the peony’s root. Zeus secured Paeon by turning his body into a flower: the peony.
- Another myth originated from the Greek goddess Paeonia. She sought the interest of Apollo, god of light and sun, so much that Aphrodite, Goddess of love and beauty, transformed her into a peony blossom because of jealousy.
- As with many other flowers, seeds and peonies’ roots can be utilized for various medicinal uses. Peonies were used to help with asthma, stomach pains, headaches, sleeplessness, and bladder issues.
- Teas made from herbs are a great way to add a taste. Peonies can be used in salads to add color or as a garnish in cocktails, and are sweetened and can be used in creamy desserts.
- However, peonies can trigger moderate to slight poisoning when pets or cats ingest the flower. Make sure your pet’s safety by keeping this birth flower away!
Peony in the Garden
Peonies, with their extravagant and opulent blooms, are the darlings of the garden. These perennial wonders grace us with their stunning beauty in late spring to early summer, making them a cherished addition to any landscape. Peonies offer a visual feast in various colors, including lush pinks, pristine whites, and deep reds.
Their intoxicating fragrance fills the air, attracting pollinators and garden enthusiasts alike. Peonies come in various forms, from iconic double blossoms to singles, semi-doubles, and even tree peonies with woody stems. They’re surprisingly easy to care for, thriving in well-drained soil and full sun, although they tolerate some shade.
Peonies become heirlooms with a lifespan that can extend for decades, passing beauty and memories through generations. Whether adorning flower beds, creating vibrant borders, or serving as stunning cut flowers in arrangements, peonies are garden treasures that captivate the heart and soul, making every garden a place of enduring elegance and enchantment.
With their timeless beauty and gracing gardens, peonies are more than just flowers; they’re legacies. With their rich colors and captivating fragrance, these perennial wonders turn every green into a haven of elegance and enchantment. Their resilience and longevity ensure that the love for peonies persists across generations, passing on a heritage of beauty and memories. Whether you’re a seasoned gardener or just starting, peonies are the quintessential choice for a garden that exudes luxury and charm, elevating the spirit with each exquisite bloom.
Read about October Birth Flowers