Introduction to February Birth Flowers
When you have Valentine’s Day at the forefront of everyone’s thoughts in February, it might be a shock to learn that the rose isn’t the flower of February’s birth month. People born during the month that is second in their birth are tied to the primrose and violet. Whether it’s your “birth” flower or not, discover more about the primrose and violet’s origins, significance, meaning, and symbolism!
What Are the February Birth Flowers?
It is the month of birth in February. The most popular flowers include violet and primrose: Violet and primrose. Few flowers bloom during February (certainly not roses of the traditional variety, which bloom best during June). But the tiny wildflowers of February brighten the landscape with vibrant purple slippers. Wild violets display their heart-shaped leaves even in the coldest of months! Primroses are little perennial woodland plants that can bloom during winter.
Primary February Birth Flower: Violet
The violet is among the plants that bloom first in spring. Violets are usually characterized by heart-shaped leaves and symmetrical flowers that differ in color. Most are violet, as their name implies, while others are yellow, blue, white, and cream. Some even have bicolor, usually with yellow as well as blue.
The native species of Europe and Asia The violet is native to temperate zones in the Northern Hemisphere. The violets (Viola) are a genus belonging to the family of Violaceae. There are over 400 varieties of violets belonging to the Genus.
Violet Meanings and Symbolism
- The violet represents modesty, loyalty, never-ending love, innocence, and memory.
- In the Victorian period, a bouquet of violets represented a pledge that would never change. It is still an expression of trust, consideration, and reliability. Give someone a rose to remind them that you’ll always be there!
- In Christianity, violet flowers symbolize the humility of Mary, the Virgin Mary. The belief is that the flower bloomed when the angel Gabriel informed Mary that Jesus would be her son.
- Violets are often depicted as a symbol of modesty and humility in the art of religion.
- In Renaissance painting of the Renaissance in Renaissance paintings, painting of the Renaissance era, Virgin Mary is often depicted holding baby Jesus on her lap, surrounded by purple flowers. It is a symbolic representation of her modesty.
- When a flower is displayed, every color has its meaning. Yellow represents high value, white represents purity and innocence, purple symbolizes loyalty and truth, and blue symbolizes dedication and commitment.
- The term “Violet” is derived from the Latin “viola,” which translates to “violet flower” or “violet color.”
- It is believed that the Ancient Greeks considered the violet a symbol of love and fertility by using it in a love potion.
- Both Greeks and Romans employed the flower in herbal remedies, wine, funeral decoration, and sweetening food. Persians employed violets to calm and combat headaches and anger.
- During the Middle Ages, Monks were reported to call them”the “Herb of the Trinity” due to their three primary colors–purple, green, and yellow.
- In Victorian times, the symbolism of the violet was of grace and luck. People believed that wearing a violet could repel evil spirits. Another belief is that wearing violets around your head could help reduce the effects of alcohol.
- It is also the flower of state in New Jersey, Rhode Island, Illinois, and Wisconsin.
- Most violets are edible and possess specific medicinal properties that have boosted their use. Violets are a source of salicylic acid, the main component of aspirin. Certain varieties of violets were utilized as pain relief agents.
Violets in the Garden
Violets thrive in borders and gardens, as well as in containers. Based on your location, the most likely place is to find wild violets popping up in your yard. However, they can be cultivated or planted from seeds.
Various varieties of violets are ideal for a woodland setting with organic, rich soils. However, violets are hardy in their resistance to cold; they aren’t heat- or drought-tolerant.
It is essential to ensure that violets receive regular moisture, especially during summer. If you are growing them in containers, choose a well-drained potting mix. Utilizing a slow-release fertilizer can assist in encouraging continual blooms.
Although violets tolerate various lighting conditions, they are suited to the full sun or some shade. In warmer climates, violets can be planted in areas with shade in the afternoon to keep plants cool during summertime.
The ideal moment to start planting violets is during early spring. Mulch is a great way to keep roots cool for longer. Violets only require a moderate quantity of water. Therefore, strive for regular moisture levels, but avoid excessive watering.
Violets also serve as host plants for the mining bee, a specialized pollinator common in those in the Eastern U.S. who only visit violets. They also attract a wide range of pollinators like bees and Hummingbirds.
Secondary February Birth Flower: Primrose
With European origins, primrose is one of the Primula genus, with over 500 varieties; however, it is not part of the family of roses. It is among the first flowers of spring.
Primrose Meanings and Symbolism
- The early Celts believed that the large areas of primrose flowering could be a way to enter the realm of fairy tales.
- It was once believed that you’d meet the fairy if you ate a primrose.
- An ancient belief system centered on the power of a primrose to protect away evil spirits. It is also believed to protect and provide security and love.
- In certain societies, it was believed that the primrose symbolized the woman, with each flower representing a different stage in women’s lives.
- In Victorian times, a bouquet of primroses signified love and young romance, and in flower-related language, it reads, “I can’t live without you.”
- Primrose has significance in Norse mythology as an image of the Goddess of Love, Freya.
- Rubbing primroses over the milking cow was believed to it would boost the production of milk and also protect butter from theft.
- The genus Primula originates from the Latin word primus, which means first concerning its first spring appearance.
- Primroses have been a long-standing symbol of culinary and medicinal uses in their home country of Europe. It was used in folk medicine. It treats cramps, headaches, spasms, rheumatism, and gout.
- In Irish folklore, it was believed that rubbing a primrose leaf on the tooth for two minutes could ease a toothache for two minutes.
- Although it is toxic to cats, dogs, and horses, it’s edible to humans. The flowers and leaves are edible raw or cooked as a herb or garnish.
- Primrose can be used for making alcohol and syrup.
- The 19th of April is celebrated as Primrose Day in England to pay tribute to the nation’s ex-Prime Secretary Benjamin Disraeli. Each year, the visitors to Westminster Abbey lay the flowers on his statue.
- Shakespeare’s work contained a variety of his writing that referred to primrose. The primrose was mentioned in “A Midsummer Night’s Dream” Shakespeare wrote about young lovers getting together “on primrose beds.” In Hamlet, Shakespeare coined “the primrose path of dalliance,” about a straightforward route that can lead to destruction.
Primrose in the Garden
Primroses are excellent for front borders or garden beds and borders for walkways and paths. It’s also an excellent alternative to rock and shade gardens. It is among the flowers that bloom first in spring. The flowers are available in white, pink, yellow, violet, or red. One consistent thing is that the central part of a primrose flower is nearly always yellow.
Primroses are not tolerant of full sunshine. It prefers cooler and shaded locations with fast-draining soil, moist soil, and plenty of organic matter. They thrive on morning sunlight and shade from hot afternoon sun. These perennials are relatively easy to keep indoors during winter, so they’re prepared to be transplanted outdoors following the last hard frost.
Primrose foliage makes the rosette, which grows near the soil. So ensure you do not plant the crown on earth, or it can decay. Primroses have shallow roots, so sudden temperature fluctuations could harm the plants. It is recommended to mulch your plants to even the temperature and hold in moisture; however, make sure not to apply mulch over the crown. Primrose doesn’t like to dry out, so make sure that you don’t overdo it. An even watering is best.
To recapitulate, February’s violet and primrose birth flowers may not be as well-known as roses, but they hold a unique charm and symbolism. Violets represent modesty, love, and purity, while primroses evoke feelings of protection and young romance. With their historical significance and cultural ties, these flowers bring warmth and color to the late winter landscape. Whether gifted on Valentine’s Day or admired in gardens, violets, and primroses remind us of the beauty that blooms even in the chill of February, offering a touch of nature’s grace and meaning.
Read more about January’s Birth Flowers